Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

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Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling Some assignments have a format that is standard such as for example lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For any other assignments, you will need to show up with your personal structure.

Your structure may be guided by:

  • the assignment question. As an example, it may list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • The matter that is subject, which could suggest a structure according to chronology, process or location, as an example
  • your interpretation of the subject material. For instance, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics in order worth focusing on
  • the dwelling of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Glance at how the given info is organised and sequenced. Ensure you modify the structure to fit your purpose to prevent plagiarism.

Essays are a tremendously form that is common of writing. All essays have the same basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion like most of the texts you write at university. However, the main body can be structured in many different ways.

To create a essay that is good

Reports generally have a similar structure that is basic essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the body that is main can differ widely, whilst the term ‘report’ is used for many kinds of texts and purposes in different disciplines.

Find out as much as possible about what types of report is anticipated.

Just how to plan your structure

There are numerous methods to show up with a structure for the work. If you’re not sure how to overcome it, try some of the strategies below.

After and during reading your sources, make notes and commence thinking about methods to structure the basic ideas and facts into groups. As an example:

  • Look for similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other ways of grouping and dividing the basic ideas buy essay under headings, such as advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or types of theory
  • Use highlighters that are coloured symbols to tag themes or types of information in your readings or notes
  • cut and paste notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a idea that is good brainstorm a couple of different ways of structuring your assignment after you have a rough notion of the key issues. Do this in outline form before you start writing – it is much easier to re-structure an overview than a half-finished essay. For instance:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references will be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that do not squeeze into your overall purpose, and facts or references that are not ideal for what you would like to discuss
  • when you have a lot of information, such as for instance for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to show how each theory or relates that are reading each heading (this could be called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • Plan the true wide range of paragraphs you want, the subject heading for each one of these, and dot points for every single little bit of information and reference needed
  • try a couple of different possible structures until you see one that works best.

Eventually, you’ll have an idea that is detailed enough for you really to start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You’ll also know how to locate evidence for anyone ideas in your notes additionally the types of that evidence.

If you’re having difficulty with the entire process of planning the dwelling of your assignment, consider trying a different strategy for grouping and organising your details.

Making the structure clear

Your writing is supposed to be clear and logical to read through if it’s easy to see the dwelling and just how it fits together. You can easily accomplish that in lot of ways.

  • Use the end for the introduction to demonstrate your reader what structure to expect.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to clearly mark the sections (if they are appropriate for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the start of each paragraph, to show your reader what the idea that is main, and also to link back into the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The beginning of each sentence should link back into the main concept of the paragraph or a previous sentence.
  • Use conjunctions and words that are linking show the dwelling of relationships between ideas. Examples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, in contrast, because of this reason, because of this and moreover.


All of the types of texts you write for university must have an introduction. Its purpose will be clearly tell the reader the topic, purpose and structure associated with paper.

As a rough guide, an introduction might be between 10 and 20 percent associated with the duration of the complete paper and has now three main parts.

  • It begins with the essential general information, such as for example background and/or definitions.
  • The center could be the core of the introduction, for which you show the topic that is overall purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (according to what kind of paper it is).
  • It ends most abundant in information that is specific describing the scope and structure of the paper.

If the main body of your paper follows a template that is predictable for instance the method, results and discussion stages of a report into the sciences, you generally don’t need to include helpful tips towards the structure in your introduction.

You really need to write your introduction after you know both your current point of view (if it’s a persuasive paper) in addition to whole structure of one’s paper. Alternatively, you really need to revise the introduction when you have completed the main body.


Most academic writing is structured into paragraphs. It really is useful to think about each paragraph as a mini essay with a structure that is three-part

  • topic sentence (also called introductory sentence)
  • body of this paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The sentence that is topic a general breakdown of the topic together with purpose of the paragraph. Depending on the amount of the paragraph, this may be one or more sentence. The topic sentence answers the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

The human body associated with the paragraph elaborates right on the subject sentence by providing definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, as an example.

The last sentence in several, not all, paragraphs is the sentence that is concluding. It doesn’t present new information, but often either summarises or comments regarding the paragraph content. It may provide a hyperlink, by showing how the paragraph links into the topic sentence of the paragraph that is next. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates back once again to the topic that is main.

You don’t have to create all your paragraphs making use of this structure. For instance, you will find paragraphs with no topic sentence, or perhaps the topic is mentioned nearby the final end of the paragraph. However, this is an obvious and structure that is common makes it simple for your reader to adhere to.


In conclusion is closely associated with the introduction and it is often referred to as its ‘mirror image’. Which means that if the introduction begins with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves when you look at the opposite direction.

The conclusion usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the scope that is main structure associated with the paper
  • confirms the topic that was given in the introduction. This might take the kind of the aims associated with paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a research question/hypothesis and its own answer/outcome.
  • ends with a more statement that is general how this topic relates to its context. This may take the as a type of an evaluation of this importance of this issue, implications for future research or a recommendation about practice or theory.

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“Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling”